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Good life is Good health


World No Tobacco Day

World No Tobacco Day is an initiative by the World Health Organization and is observed on May 31 every year. The campaign aims to spread awareness about the dangers of tobacco and its negative impact on health, as well as the exploitation of the nicotine industry that is geared towards the youth in particular. It also aims to reduce the diseases and deaths caused by tobacco consumption.

Facts about Tobacco & Smoking

Tobacco kills more than 8 million people each year. More than 7 million of those deaths are the result of direct tobacco use while around 1.2 million are the result of non-smokers being exposed to second-hand smoke

  1. Tobacco is costly- Tobacco use costs national economies enormously through increased health-care costs and decreased productivity.
  2. Tobacco is full of chemicals- There are more than 7,000 chemicals in tobacco smoke. Tobacco growing requires large amounts of pesticides and fertilizers, which can be toxic and pollute water supplies.
  3. Some chemicals can cause cancer- 69 of these harmful chemicals are known to cause cancer.
  4. Smoking can literally kill you- There is enough nicotine in five cigarettes to kill an average adult if ingested whole.

Effects of Tobacco & Smoking on Health

Smoking leads to disease and disability and harms nearly every organ of the body. For every person who dies because of smoking, at least 30 people live with a serious smoking-related illness. Smoking causes cancer, heart disease, stroke, lung diseases, diabetes, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Smoking also increases risk for tuberculosis, certain eye diseases, and problems of the immune system, including rheumatoid arthritis. Estimates show smoking increases the risk:

  • For coronary heart disease by 2 to 4 times
  • For stroke by 2 to 4 times
  • Of men developing lung cancer by 25 times
  • Of women developing lung cancer by 25.7 times

Secondhand smoke exposure contributes to approximately 41,000 deaths among nonsmoking adults and 400 deaths in infants each year. Secondhand smoke causes stroke, lung cancer, and coronary heart disease in adults. Children who are exposed to secondhand smoke are at increased risk for sudden infant death syndrome, acute respiratory infections, middle ear disease, more severe asthma, respiratory symptoms, and slowed lung growth.

Smoking & Increased Rate of Death

  1. Smoking causes more deaths each year than the following causes combined:
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Illegal drug use
  • Alcohol use
  • Motor vehicle injuries
  • Firearm-related incidents
  1. Smoking causes about 90% (or 9 out of 10) of all lung cancer deaths. More women die from lung cancer each year than from breast cancer.
  2. Smoking causes about 80% (or 8 out of 10) of all deaths from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
  3. Cigarette smoking increases risk for death from all causes in men and women.
  4. The risk of dying from cigarette smoking has increased over the last 50 years in the U.S.


Count the number of cigarettes you smoke

You might not be ready to quit, and who can blame you? It’s tough. But you can start laying the groundwork for your exit by counting the number of cigarettes you smoke in a day. You’ll start to think more about your health and the amount of money you put into tobacco. When you’re ready to take the plunge, there are plenty of self-help books that will guide you through the early rocky stages. You can do it!

Find Your Reason

To get motivated, you need a powerful, personal reason to quit. It may be to protect your family from secondhand smoke.  Or lower your chance of getting lung cancer, heart disease, or other conditions. Or to look and feel younger. Choose a reason that is strong enough to outweigh the urge to light up.

Prepare Yourself

There’s more to it than just tossing your cigarettes out. Smoking is an addiction. The brain is hooked on nicotine. Without it, you’ll go through withdrawal. Line up support in advance. Ask your doctor about all the methods that will help, such as quit-smoking classes and apps, counseling, medication, and hypnosis. You’ll be ready for the day you choose to quit.

Lean On Your Loved Ones

Tell your friends, family, and other people you’re close to that you’re trying to quit. They can encourage you to keep going, especially when you’re tempted to light up.

Give Yourself a Break

One reason people smoke is that the nicotine helps them relax. Once you quit, you’ll need new ways to unwind. There are many options. You can exercise to blow off steam, tune in to your favorite music, connect with friends, treat yourself to a massage, or make time for a hobby..

Clean House

Once you’ve smoked your last cigarette, toss all of your ashtrays and lighters. Wash any clothes that smell like smoke, and clean your carpets, draperies, and upholstery. Use air fresheners to get rid of that familiar scent. If you smoked in your car, clean it out, too. You don’t want to see or smell anything that reminds you of smoking.

Encourage people around you

As they say, the best way to quit smoking is to never start. So try and encourage other people around you to avoid the habit altogether. Teenagers can be a bit mischievous, so you should guide them from starting that how harmful smoking can be.




Are You At Risk Of Liver Diseases?

Liver is a very special organ as it has three main key functions.

  • First, it assures the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins.
  • Second, it stores glycogen, which the body uses for energy, and vitamins A, B12, D, E, and K.
  • Third, the liver is one of the main excretory organs that ensure ongoing removal of the body’s waste and toxins.

Most people think liver disease is caused by excess alcohol or hepatitis viruses. The reality is that the leading cause of liver disease today is excess weight. This form of liver degeneration associated with obesity and high blood sugar is called nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)

NAFLD- Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the term for a range of conditions caused by a build-up of fat in the liver. It’s usually seen in people who are overweight or obese and has an unhealthy lifestyle or poor diet.

“A healthy liver should contain little or no fat”

Early-stage NAFLD doesn’t usually cause any harm, but it can lead to serious liver damage, including cirrhosis, if it gets worse. Having high levels of fat in your liver is also associated with an increased risk of problems such as diabetes, heart attacks and strokes.

Healthy diet and lifestyle:

NAFLD is not treated with medication or any other type of medical treatment. Instead, treatment focuses on making healthy lifestyle changes to help reduce the amount of fat in the liver- this would be achieved by controlling the risk factors that caused NAFLD – such as diabetes, high cholesterol and obesity. Some of the changes your Health Care Practitioner might suggest include:

  • Lose weight- You should aim for a BMI of 18.5-24.9. Losing more than 10% of your weight can remove some fat from the liver and improve NASH if you have it.
  • Eat healthy- by including more fruits, vegetables and whole grains in your diet and reducing the amount of calories you eat
  • Exercise- Exercising for at least 30 minutes per day
  • Managing diabetes
  • Avoiding alcohol
  • Avoid medication- Being careful about taking over-the-counter pain relievers and other medications that can affect your liver
  • Contact healthcare provider- Seeing a healthcare provider who specializes in liver disease.

 Natural treatment:

  1. Olive Oil: It is rich in monounsaturated fats which studies show play a beneficial role in lipid metabolism in the liver and in abdominal fat tissue. Since they are oxidized quicker than saturated fats, they may help to avoid the ability of fat to deposit in the liver, causing less fat accumulation.
  1. Green Tea: is rich in Epigallocatechin‐3‐gallate (EGCG), about 200-300mg in one brewed cup of green tea. It is a potent antioxidant, which studies show may be beneficial for NAFLD because of its anti-inflammatory properties along with its improvement in lipid oxidation, insulin resistance, and activation of energy and lipid metabolism.


  1. Garlic: Studies show that garlic reduces fatty liver, insulin resistance, and inflammation, and may improve the gut microbiota in those with insulin resistance. An imbalanced microbiota may also be another risk factor for fatty liver disease.


  1. Milk Thistle/Silymarin. As milk thistles’ main flavonoid antioxidant, silymarin (with silybin, one of its three active components) protects the liver both by preventing depletion of its glutathione levels, and enhancing its detoxification capacity by reducing the oxidative stress resulting from toxin metabolism.


  1. Dandelion: Various holistic practitioners recommend the leaves and root extract of this herb for liver, gallbladder, and bile duct conditions, due to its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinogenic, anti-lipidemic, and anti-fibrotic properties. Dandelion’s use has been shown to lower AST and ALT, marker enzymes of liver toxicity. Those allergic to ragweed, chrysanthemums, marigolds, and daisies, should avoid consuming it.

If you haven’t been diagnosed with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, you can lower your risk of developing it by losing excess weight.

Continuing to maintain a healthy body weight through diet and exercise can help protect your liver from high amounts of fat.


"Maintaining a healthy liver the natural way" (march, 2020).
 Michelle Routhenstein " Best diet for fatty liver " ( 2020 )
"Overweight? What You Need To Know About Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD)" (march 2020)



Scientists believe that we may experience real-world and imaginary actions in similar ways, explains Aymeric Guillot, Ph.D., a professor at the Center of Research and Innovation in Sport at University Claude Bernard Lyon, in France. Whether we walk on a mountain trail or only picture it, we activate many of the same neural networks—paths of interconnected nerve cells that link what your body does to the brain impulses that control it. You can use this to your advantage in different ways. For example, imagining yourself doing movements can help you get better at them: Legendary golfer Jack Nicklaus practiced each shot in his mind before taking it.

Mental workouts also stimulate the sympathetic nervous system, which governs our fight-or-flight response and causes increases in heart rate, breathing, and blood pressure. So simply envisioning a movement elicits nervous-system responses comparable to those recorded during physical execution of the same action, says Guillot.

Although it may sound like hocus-pocus, some research suggests that imagining could help you get results even when you don’t move a muscle. In one notable study that appeared in the North American Journal of Psychology in 2007, athletes who mentally practiced a hip-flexor exercise had strength gains that were almost as significant as those in people who actually did the exercise (five times a week for 15 minutes) on a weight machine.

If your challenge is more mental than physical—for instance, handling a difficult conversation—imagery can keep you calm and focused. “Mentally rehearsing maintaining a steady assertiveness while the other person is ignoring or distracting you can help you attain your goal,” says Kadish. Envisioning this calmness may also decrease physical symptoms of stress, like an increase in heart rate or stress hormones.

When you repeatedly imagine performing a task, you may also condition your neural pathways so that the action feels familiar when you go to perform it; it’s as if you’re carving a groove in your nervous system. Finally, on a purely psychological level, envisioning success can enhance motivation and confidence. Source:(Real Simple)

I’m saying to visualize positive images in your mind. NEVER LET ANY PERSON SAY IT’S OKAY NOT TO TAKE MEDICATION WHEN YOU’RE BIPOLAR.

“There is a particular kind of pain, elation, loneliness, and terror involved in this kind of madness. When you’re high it’s tremendous. The ideas and feelings are fast and frequent like shooting stars, and you follow them until you find better and brighter ones. Shyness goes, the right words and gestures are suddenly there, the power to captivate others a felt certainty. There are interests found in uninteresting people. Sensuality is pervasive and the desire to seduce and be seduced irresistible. Feelings of ease, intensity, power, well-being, financial omnipotence, and euphoria pervade one’s marrow. But, somewhere, this changes. The fast ideas are far too fast, and there are far too many; overwhelming confusion replaces clarity. Memory goes. Humor and absorption on friends’ faces are replaced by fear and concern. Everything previously moving with the grain is now against– you are irritable, angry, frightened, uncontrollable, and enmeshed totally in the blackest caves of the mind. You never knew those caves were there. It will never end, for madness carves its own reality.”


10 Healthy Hair Tips

  1. Amla – It has 8 times more vitamin C than an orange, twice the antioxidant power of acai berry and around 17 times that of a pomegranate. It penetrate the scalp, strengthen the root, and prevents grey hair. It also improves scalp’s health, as a result of which the periodic shredding of dead cells decelerates and dandruff is eliminated.

How to use: Mix 1 tablespoon of amla and lemon juice in a glass/plastic bowl. Mix well and massage this solution for about 5 minutes. Leave it for 10 minutes and after that wash your hair with a mild sulfate-free shampoo

  1. Egg yolk – The yolk is loaded with healthy fats, which help replenish moisture and make strands look sleek and shiny. As hair is 80% protein, applying protein-rich eggs to hair can help replenish the protein lost through styling, making hair stronger and better able to stand up to heat. It prevents frizzy hair & hair thinning and also improves hair growth.

How to use: Take 1 Egg yolk and add 1 tbsp raw honey – Apply it all over your scalp and hair (including the lengths), leave it on for twenty minutes and then rinse with a low pH shampoo.

  1. Banana – Bananas are rich in magnesium, potassium, protein and vitamins that nourish and soften hair. If you have dry and damaged hair, a banana hair mask can provide ample hydration to it to improve its manageability and shine. Moreover, they also prevent and control dandruff while moisturizing the scalp.

How to use:  Blend one banana in a blender, make sure all the chunks are smooth out. Add 1 tbsp of honey and mix it well – Apply this mixture on slightly damp hair and cover it with a shower cap. Wash off after 30 minutes with low pH shampoo.

  1. Onion Juice – Onion juice may help to encourage the growth of thick, healthy hair. Nutrients in the onion juice applied to the hair may nourish the hair follicles, which might increase volume, shine, and improve hair strength. The extra nutrition may also minimize breakages and thinning

How to use: Take a small bowl and add 2 tbsp of onion juice, 2 tbsp of coconut oil and 5 drops tea tree oil (in case you have dandruff) in it. Mix them well and apply the mixture on your scalp. Massage for 2 minutes and then cover with a shower cap. Wait for 30 minutes and then wash your hair using a mild shampoo.

  1. Neem oil – It is effective in getting rid of lice and nits. Neem oil has compounds that disrupt the life cycle of the louse, making it a natural insect repellent.

How to use:  Apply on scalp not on hair for lice and hair growth. You should always dilute pure neem oil with a carrier oil, such as olive, or coconut oil, prior to topical application. You can leave diluted neem oil on for 30 minutes to 1 hour before rinsing and washing with your usual shampoo.

  1. Green Tea – Green tea contains anti-inflammatory properties that can help your hair grow back! It also makes your scalp clean, and free from all infections.

How to use: Take 2-3 Green tea bags and boil in 2 cups of water. Allow it to cool down to lukewarm before using. Store in a spray bottle. Cleanse your hair with shampoo or a cleansing conditioner. Leave hair damp. Spray the tea onto your scalp and massage throughout hair. Cover your hair with a plastic cap, leave tea in your hair for up to 30 minutes. Rinse with cold water

  1. Ginger Oil – Ginger is highly regarded as a hair growth treatment. There are several components in ginger that aid in hair growth like magnesium, phosphorous, and potassium. These minerals help stimulate blood flow to the scalp, which encourages restored hair growth. Ginger has an abundance of fatty acids that help with thinning hair, so while it is encouraging blood flow to the scalp it is also preventing thinning hair from turning into hair loss.

How to use:  Mix 2 tablespoons of grated ginger with 3 tablespoons of olive or sesame oil and a dash of lemon juice. Massage into your scalp and leave in for 30 minutes before rinsing

  1. Castor Oil – Castor oil enhance the health of the hair follicles and promote hair growth (as well as protect against hair loss).

How to use: To use, warm the oil in your palms before working it through the roots of your hair and brushing it out toward the ends. Leave it in for 15 to 20 minutes minimum, and then shampoo it out of your hair. You can wet your hair beforehand in order to make the oil soak in better.

  1. Essential Oils – Different oils can do everything from helping hair grow to adding strength and shine – overall improves hair health.
    • Tea tree oil for itchy scalp
    • Rosemary for all type of skin hair
    • Lavender oil for oily hair
    • Jojoba oil for dried damaged hair
    • Basil oil for the oily scalp
  1. Diet – What you eat can have a huge effect on the health of your hair. A lack of the right nutrients including vitamins A, C, D and E, zinc, B vitamins, iron, biotin, protein and essential fatty acids may slow down hair growth or even cause hair loss. Fortunately, correcting a deficiency in any of these nutrients may help treat hair loss and promote the rate of hair growth. If you think you’re lacking any of these nutrients, try adding some of the below foods to your diet.
    • Eggs
    • Spinach
    • Fatty Fish
    • Sweet Potatoes
    • Nuts
    • Meat
    • Beans
    • Papaya
    • Coconut




Psoriasis – Chambal/Psoriasis – Skin disorder

People who suffer this ailment are usually “HOT TEMPERED /SAFRAVI UL MIZAJ”
It is chronic ,recurrent ,familial non infective commonly on scalp, behind neck, dorsal surface of limbs; knee, elbow, genital, nail and joints.
According to the tib, cause is known ;that is bilious ratio of blood naturally increased in a person
And show symptoms on skin and behavior of a person usually harsh , sharp, short tempered…

Cool tempered diet and medicines
Fruit and vegetables


Understanding Hikmat-o-Ilm

Ilm, The knowledge

The importance of Knowledge can be understood through various Quranic verses and traditions. For example “Allah will exalt those of you who believe, and those who are given knowledge, in high degrees” (58:11).

For our understanding we can describe it as the raw material required for obtaining finished products. In computer terms we can say that it is the raw data that is required as an input to deliver any kind of processed information (output). As we know, raw data is absolutely necessary for processing but it is not the ONLY thing essential. On getting the raw data we need to have proper formulas/software to process the data. If the software used to process the data is not up to the mark then we may have negative results. Hence, we even see some of the highly knowledgeable Ulemas manipulating and misinterpreting Islamic teachings.

There are numerous benefits of knowledge out of which are:

  1. Knowledge is necessary to basically know the right and the wrong.
  2. To understand the implications of the right and the wrong.
  3. To understand the external subject so as to implement a particular theory on it.
  4. To understand the significance of ‘the right’ and degradation of ‘the wrong’.

Aql is the capacity for a person to process the data. Through this processing a person also comes to understand the difference between ‘the right’ and ‘the wrong’.

Hikmat, The Wisdom 

Hikmat may be mostly considered as something different from knowledge and not a part thereof. But it can also be considered a part of knowledge (though a different aspect) based on the context.

It is named as Hikmat because it prevents a person from ignorance.

“and whoever is granted wisdom, he indeed is given a great good and none but men of understanding mind” (2:269)

It can be explained in terms of the example used in case of ‘knowledge’ above, as the software/formula/coding used to process the raw data (knowledge in this case). This ‘kind of processing’ is basically responsible for the ‘kind of processed information/output’. Here it is important to note that hikmat is not any kind of processing capability but it is the positive capability only and not the negative one. Though in case of software’s there can be negative ones as well but hikmat cannot be negative, it is always a positive one.

Ilm is the raw data – knowledge – possessed by a person. Though there are other meanings of Ilm like manifesting/showing – H.Quran Kahf-12, Ale Imran-140, Hadid-25, Jinn-28 OR proof/reasoning Kahf-4&5, Haj-3, Luqman-15, Anaam-100, here we are more concerned with the first meaning -Knowledge.

Hikmat is the mannerism of the soul reached after processing of the Ilm through Aql. Through this mannerism a person understands the Haq, avoids wrong and performs an act with precision.

After comparing lot of traditions we may conclude that Hikmaah or Hikmat is the most significant of all these.


Keep Exploring Wisdom!


Hikmaah –Not Just a Learning Approach!

‘Hikmat’ or “Hikmaah” is the most basic potential, ability, vision, quality and the root of all virtues which opens all avenues of thought and action in a being to develop a multidimensional understanding and approach in a person.

An approach, an understanding, and a wisdom, which emerges under the guidance of revelation and nourishes itself with the help of all sources of knowledge like religious experience, intuition, reason, and sense perception etc. The Quran names to this approach, way of learning and understanding as ‘Hikmat’.

What is meant by Hikmat?

It is an Arabic word. Etymologically it means justice, patience, tolerance, truth, gentleness, knowledge and wisdom etc. For a Muslim, ‘Hikmat’ including all above characteristics is purely a blessing of Almighty Allah (the greatest good).

The Quran (revealed book of Islam) describes this blessing in these words: “He gives ‘Hikmat’ (wisdom) to whom He wills, and whoever has been given ‘Hikmat’ (wisdom) has certainly been given much good.”

According to the Quran, one of the attributive names of Almighty Allah is ‘Hakeem’.  Allah named to the Quran as a ‘Book of Hikmat’ (wisdom). He attributed to His last and the chief of all the prophets Hazrat Muhammad (S.A.W.W.)* as ‘Hakeem’ (the wisest man). According to the Quran, one of the major duties of The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W.) is the teaching of Hikmat (wisdom) to humankind.  Almighty Allah has used the words ‘Al-Hikmah’, ‘Hikmat’ or ‘Hakeem’ approximately 125 times in the Quran.

Allah is ‘Hakeem’, Islam is a religion of ‘Hikmat’, Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W.) is also ‘Hakeem’, his mission is to teach ‘Hikmat’, and the Quran is a book of ‘Hikmat’. Mankind is bound to follow Allah, the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W.), the Quran and the teachings of Islam. So urge of Hikmat, development of Hikmat, and struggle to gain Hikmat is an essential feature and the basic spirit of all words and deeds of a Human. To be a Man of substance means to be a Hakeem.

Keep Exploring Wisdom!


Uterine Fibroid (SALA-E-RAHAM)

UTERINE FIBROIDS  (leiomyomas or myomas ) are the most common pelvic tumors and the most
Common benign tumors in women.

The etiology is largely unknown, but they are estrogen-and progesterone- dependent tumors, very rare before the monarch, common in reproductive life, and frequently regress in size after menopause.

* Symptoms of fibroids are heavy menstrual bleeding, non-cyclic pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, urinary symptoms, infertility, anemia, and constipation.
* Fibroid size does not necessarily determine the severity of clinical symptoms.

• Nulliparity
• Early menarche
• Use of Oral contraceptives before 16 years of age.
• Additional environmental factors, such as diet, particularly vitamin D deficiency, and environmental toxins.

• It affect over 25% of females in the reproductive age and cause significant morbidity in that population.
• It is estimated that as many as 50% of leiomyomas are symptomatic and represent the most common indication for hysterectomy in many countries.

 Transabdominal or transvaginal ultrasound is used commonly as it is widely available, inexpensive and usually definitive in diagnosis.
 MRI may be used to delineate the number, size and location of fibroids in certain cases, and hysteroscopy may be useful to distinguish between sub- endometrial fibroids and large endometrial polyps.

 Symptomatic treatment of heavy menstrual bleeding , with use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs ( NSAIDs)
 Antifibrinolytic agents including tranexamic acid, or contraceptives steroids including the levonorgestral intrauterine system ( Mirena )
 GnRH agonist
 Selective progesterone receptor modulators

Natural Treatment and Unani Concept
 Sala’in Unani system of medicine and usually belong to Warm Balghami and sodawi ( phelegmatic Swelling ).
 Accumulation of Abnormal Balgham ( Phlegm ) and Sowda in the Rahim ( uterus ) leads to Sala’al Rahim , hence it is a Balghami and Sodawi ( Phelegmatic، , and Atrrabilious /cold and dry ) benign swelling .

Natural Treatment
The treatment for Sala ‘ al-Rahim ( Uterine fibroid ) is removal of morbid matter with Joshanda e Mundij and Mushil Balgham ( منضج اور مسہل بلغم و سود).
Hence, inutility patient should be administrated Mundij for 15 to 22 days followed by Mushil and Tabreed alternately. But My experience is something different after Mundhij, I treat patient with blood purifying herbs like Chiretta Shahtra(Androgryafis Paniculeta ) in the form of Joshanda after this, we can give Mushil .
And end with Tabreed.
In my opinion fibroid is an atrabilious disease means sowdawi disease abnormal sowada deposits in the uterus.

Now a days pregnant women are taking lots of Iron and Calcium supplements during pregnancy and they couldn’t absorb in the stomach and intestine and couldn’t metabolize in the lever and disturbs whole metabolism of the body both elements deposit in the uterus in the fibroids.
The treatment of fibroid is treatable by herbal medicine even third stage of disease treatment should be according to the temperament of the patient and disease.

Line of treatment
1. Mundhij sowda منضج سودا
2. Mushil sowda مسہل سودا
3. Tabreed تبرید
It means first we raise natural heat of the body by changing patient’s diet and life style according to the temperament and prescription of medicine should be according to the patient‘s temperament.
Diet would be 3, 4 number in the diet chart.
Diet should be hot and wet in temperament for diluting sowda or attrabilious .Then excrete the sowda from body by giving laxatives . After that Tabib should suggest cold and wet herbs to neutralize the internal body temperature.


Contributions of Early Muslim Scholars

In this fascinating world of science and wisdom, let’s restore credit to the contributions of the classical world of Islam. It is remarkable how Muslims laid the foundation of what we call wisdom today. It was initiated with the thirst and will to explore through fearless adventures. Quoting a few incredible examples of Muslim scholars and inventors from the golden era…

  • The ability to accurately tell time and determine dates. Here, the chief instrument was the astrolabe, the most powerful analog computer before the modern age.
  • The art of alchemy, the forerunner of modern chemistry.
  • Trigonometry and spherical geometry – invaluable for making maps, navigation, and locating cities.
  • Algebra, geometry, trigonometry, and our contemporary number system.
  • Star tables and almanacs capable of predicting celestial events, like lunar eclipses, with considerable accuracy.
  • Our modern technical lexicon: from azimuth to zenith, from alcohol to zero.
  • Many of the foods we eat – apricots, oranges, artichokes, hard wheat for pasta, to name but a few.
  • Natural philosophy, scientific cosmology, and optics.
  • And, most important of all, the notion that religion and science, faith and reason, could coexist; this gave medieval Western intellectuals ‘permission’ to explore the universe without impinging on the majesty of God.

Wisdom stirs in the bold motivation of tapping into the world of knowing the unknowing. The above examples speak for it.


Keep Exploring Wisdom!



Ovarian Cancer

How is ovarian cancer usually detected, and what are the symptoms?

Ovarian cancer is commonly thought to be a silent killer or the cancer that whispers. This is because early stage ovarian cancers have almost none or very minimal symptoms. Small ovarian tumors often have an absence of symptoms and are usually discovered incidentally during investigations for other conditions.
In fact, according to the American Cancer Society, only about 20 percent of cases are diagnosed at an early stage. Typically, this is because ovarian cancer symptoms either aren’t apparent in the early stages of the disease or they mimic common stomach and digestive issues that are often mistaken for minor ailments.

Clinical Features:
Common symptoms may include:
• Abdominal bloating, indigestion or nausea
• Changes in appetite, such as a loss of appetite or feeling full sooner
• Pressure in the pelvis or lower back
• A more frequent or urgent need to urinate and/or constipation
• Changes in bowel movements
• Increased abdominal girth
• Tiredness or low energy
• Changes in menstruation
• Dyspareunia (pain during intercourse)

Screening tests using blood or pelvic ultrasound don’t reliably catch ovarian cancer early so most women diagnosed have cancer.
Clinical examination, and the results of blood levels of tumor markers i.e. CA-125 and imaging studies like CT or MRI scan.
The best imaging test is probably a transvaginal ultrasound of the ovaries because the ovaries lie next to the top of the vaginal and a vaginal probe usually gives a clear picture even when ovarian masses are small.